Profiles of the Patient Who Had Compulsory Hospitalization in a District Psychiatric Hospital
It aims to examine the profiles of patients who were treated with compulsory hospitalization between 2011 and 2015 in a district psychiatric hospital.METHOD
In this retrospective and cohort study, hospital records gathered from 202 adult patients who were treated with compulsory hospitalization in units with a bed between 2011 and 2015 in a district psychiatric hospital were examined. In this study, profiles and socio-demographic features of the patients with compulsory hospitalization were evaluated by 23 closed-end and open-ended questions prepared by researchers. In data analysis, Monte Carlo Chi-square test and number-percentage distribution were used.FINDINGS
57.4% of examined cases was female and mean average was 38.88 ± 13.06. Of examined cases, 18.8% was people graduated from high school or university and it was detected that 81.7% didn’t have any regular job during the compulsory hospitalization. Of which 55.9% has not gotten married and 12.4% was divorced, 48.0% of the population has been living with their parents, sibling or/and their relatives and 17.8% has been living alone or in the nursing home. Of which 59.9% of the cases which were diagnosed with psychosis, 38.1% with psychotic relapse, 22.8% with medication regulation, 22.8% with excitation (expansiveness) and 15.8% having the risk of self-mutilation and damage his/her environment were admitted to compulsory hospitalization. Of these cases, the relative or custodian of 74.2%, employee of nursing home of 9.4%, law-enforcement officers of 5.4% and medical staff of 4.0% gave hospitalization approval. While not having any history for alcohol-substance abuse, it was established that 10.9% of the population had a problematic juridical records. Of the cases, hospitalization of 75.7% came to end with recovery/discharge and 20.3% was over with the demand of his/her relative/custodian, 1.5% of the cases escaped from the hospital.CONCLUSION
Patients whose majority was female, person who has never gotten married or was divorced and has low educational level don’t have any regular job and live with their relatives. In addition, their relatives made the majority of these patients admit to hospital because of the history of psychotic diagnose and psychotic relapses. According to these results, it is recommended that patients will receive an effective treatment in order to protect the right to decide their own treatment.