Many chemokines expressed by cells of the uterine endometrium of mammals are involved in cell-cell interactions. However, little is known about expression and functional roles of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 23 (CCL23) in the uterine endometrium. Results of this study demonstrated that CCL23 and its receptor, chemokine (C-C motif) receptor type 1 (CCR1), are up-regulated in porcine endometria during pregnancy. CCL23 and CCR1 mRNAs were strongly expressed in endometrial glandular (GE) and luminal (LE) epithelial cells. Treatment of porcine uterine luminal epithelial (pLE) cells with recombinant CCL23 increased the abundances of PCNA and cyclin D1, and enhanced proliferation and cell cycle progression in pLE cells. CCL23 also stimulated phosphorylation of cell signaling molecules including AKT and MAPKs in pLE cells. Furthermore, ER stress-related molecules were reduced by CCL23. These results suggest that CCL23-CCR1 signaling is important for endometrial development and establishment of pregnancy in pigs.