The clinical significance of isolated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage in mild traumatic brain injury: A meta-analysis
The rates of clinical and radiographic progression and the need for neurosurgical intervention in patients with isolated traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (itSAH) after mild traumatic brain injury (Glasgow Coma Scale score, 13–15) has not been well established.BACKGROUND
The aim of this work was to review the evidence regarding patient outcomes after mild traumatic brain injury with itSAH.METHODS
Two authors independently extracted the data according to a predefined protocol. The proportions of patients who had the outcomes of interest were pooled using random-effects model. The quality of included studies was assessed using the methodological index for nonrandomized studies scale.RESULTS
Thirteen studies reporting on 15,327 patients met inclusion criteria, and outcomes were pooled where available. No patient required neurosurgical intervention on presentation to hospital, and the incidence of need for eventual neurosurgical intervention was 0.0017% (95% confidence interval [CI], 0–0.39%). Moreover, the pooled analyses for all patients with available data showed an incidence of 5.76% (95% CI, 1.18–12.94%) for radiographic progression, 0.75% (95% CI, 0–2.39%) for neurologic deterioration, and 0.60% (95% CI, 0.09–1.41%) for mortality. Only one patient had died due to neurological injury.CONCLUSIONS
These patients experience very low rates of radiographic progression and neurologic deterioration and rarely require neurosurgical intervention or die due to neurological injury.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE
Meta-analysis, level III.