Calibration and validation of a MCC/IMS prototype for exhaled propofol online measurement

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Abstract

Propofol is a commonly used intravenous general anesthetic. Multi-capillary column (MCC) coupled Ion-mobility spectrometry (IMS) can be used to quantify exhaled propofol, and thus estimate plasma drug concentration. Here, we present results of the calibration and analytical validation of a MCC/IMS pre-market prototype for propofol quantification in exhaled air. Calibration with a reference gas generator yielded an R2 ≥ 0.99 with a linear array for the calibration curve from 0 to 20 ppbv. The limit of quantification was 0.3 ppbv and the limit of detection was 0.1 ppbv. The device is able to distinguish concentration differences > 0.5 ppbv for the concentration range between 2 and 4 ppbv and > 0.9 ppbv for the range between 28 and 30 ppbv. The imprecision at 20 ppbv is 11.3% whereas it is 3.5% at a concentration of 40 ppbv. The carry-over duration is 3 min. The MCC/IMS we tested provided online quantification of gaseous propofol over the clinically relevant range at measurement frequencies of one measurement each minute.

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