Comparison of irinotecan/platinum versus etoposide/platinum chemotherapy for extensive-stage small cell lung cancer: A meta-analysis

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Abstract

This meta-analysis was performed to compare the effects and toxicities between irinotecan/platinum (IP) and etoposide/platinum (EP) regimens as the fist-line treatment of patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (E-SCLC). A systematic search was made of MEDLINE, Cochrane, ISI Web of Science and SCOPUS databases. Randomised clinical trials on treatment of E-SCLC with the IP regimens, compared with EP regimens, were reviewed. Studies were pooled to hazard ratio (HR), relative risk (RR) and odds ratio (OR), with 95% confidence interval (CI). Eight trials (enrolling 2089 participants) met the inclusion criteria. Overall survival (OS) and 1-year survival rate were superior in the IP group (HR 0.83; 95% CI 0.75 to 0.91 and RR 1.19; 95% CI 1.06 to 1.34). Grades 3 and 4 anaemia, leukopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and febrile neutropenia were less frequent in the IP regimens than that in the EP regimens. And grades 3 and 4 nausea/vomiting, diarrheal, anorexia and fatigue were less frequent in the EP regimens. IP combination chemotherapy achieved a superior OS and 1-year survival rate, compared with EP doublets, in patients with E-SCLC.

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