Outcomes of Distal Femur Nonunions Treated With a Combined Nail/Plate Construct and Autogenous Bone Grafting

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Abstract

Summary:

In this study, we sought to retrospectively evaluate union and infection rates after treatment of distal femur nonunions using a combined nail/plate construct with autogenous bone grafting obtained from the ipsilateral femur using a reamer irrigator aspirator system. Ten (10) patients treated at a Level I trauma center for nonunion of a femoral fracture using a combined nail/plate construct from 2004 to 2014 were included in the study. Union rate and postoperative infection rates were recorded. Mean interval from index surgery to nonunion repair was 12 months (range 4–36 months). Follow-up at 24 months indicated that the entire cohort of 10 patients achieved clinical union and radiographic union based on radiograph union score in tibias (RUST) criteria. Treatment of distal femur nonunions with a combined nail/plate construct and autogenous bone grafting results in a high rate of union with a low complication rate.

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