Position of the Internal Aperture of Vestibular Aqueduct in Patients With Enlarged Vestibular Aqueduct

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Abstract

Objective:

To investigate the position of the internal aperture of vestibular aqueduct and its relationship to hearing level in patients with enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA).

Methods:

The size of the common crus and the position of the internal aperture of vestibular aqueduct were compared among control subjects, EVA patients with and without other inner ear malformations. Auditory steady-state response thresholds were compared between EVA patients with different positions of internal apertures.

Results:

The common crus in EVA patients was shorter than in control subjects (p < 0.05). The internal aperture of the vestibular aqueduct opened solely into the common crus in control subjects, simultaneously into the common crus and vestibule in almost 45% of EVA patients, solely into the common crus, and the vestibule in almost 30 and 25% of EVA patients, respectively. Auditory steady-state response thresholds at 2000 and 4000 Hz were higher in EVA patients whose internal apertures of vestibular aqueducts opened simultaneously into the common crus and vestibule than in those whose internal apertures opened solely into the common crus.

Conclusion:

The common crus is shorter in EVA patients than in control subjects. The internal aperture of the vestibular aqueduct opens solely into the common crus in control subjects. It opens simultaneously into the common crus and vestibule in almost half of the EVA patients. The EVA patients whose internal apertures of vestibular aqueducts open solely into the common crus may have better hearing than those whose internal apertures open simultaneously into the common crus and vestibule.

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