IgE cross-reactivity of phospholipase A2 and hyaluronidase ofApis dorsata(Giant Asian Honeybee) andApis mellifera(Western Honeybee) venom: Possible use ofA. melliferavenom for diagnosis of patients allergic toA. dorsatavenom
Diagnostic and therapeutic reagents are unavailable for anaphylaxis arising from stings by Apis dorsata. Venom profiles and cross-reactivity of A. dorsata and Apis mellifera were compared, to ascertain whether venom of A. mellifera can be used for diagnosis in A. dorsata allergy. Both venom profiles were similar by High Performance Liquid Chromatography and SDS-PAGE. Sera of 29 of 30 (96.7%) patients with anaphylaxis to A. dorsata stings had IgE to the phospholipase-2 (PLA2) doublet (15 and 16 kDa) of A. dorsata venom by immunoblot, compared to 26 of 30 (86.7%) with the PLA2 of A. mellifera and a purified preparation of PLA2. Twelve patients (40%) with severe anaphylaxis had IgE reactivity to a 39 kDa protein band of venom of both species, a third band, identified in immunoblot as hyaluronidase. The cross-reactivity of PLA2 and hyaluronidase of A. dorsata and A. mellifera were further confirmed by immunoblot inhibition results. Twenty five of 30 (83.3%) of our patients had positive venom specific IgE (>0.35 KUA/L) reactivity to Phadia ImmunoCAPs of A. mellifera venom. The observed IgE cross reactivity suggests the possibility of using A. mellifera venom as a diagnostic test for A. dorsata venom allergy.