Multidimensional assessment of quality of life of children and problems of parents in Indian society after pediatric renal transplant: Beyond the conventional thoughts

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Abstract

This study evaluated multidimensional QoL after renal transplant to find the physical, psychosocial, and economic issues after pediatric transplant. Sixty-two patients under the age of 18 at the time of assessment were asked to complete WHOQOL questionnaires. Assessment of behavioral, emotional status of child, problems of parents, and SEC of family were also performed. The beneficial effect of transplantation was observed across all domains of QoL (physical, psychological, social, environmental, and overall QoL). The greatest change was observed in QoL domains that dealt with overall satisfaction (81.28±15.76 vs 45.32±10.98; P<.0001). The domain dealing with environmental factors showed the least variation after transplantation (65.58±17.45 vs 51.34±17.81; P<.0001). Feelings of happiness and peer group socialization were reported in 81% and 69% of patients, respectively. There was no marital disharmony in 52% of families. However, SEC deteriorated in 16% of families and 59% of the families availed financial assistance. Sixty-nine percent of children had not attended school after one year of transplantation, but return to school after transplant was reduced to 8% at 5 years. Pre- and post-transplant social and psychological support may help these patients and their families adjust in society and have a positive outlook for their future.

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