Current Treatment Options for Glenohumeral Instability and Bone Loss: A Critical Analysis Review

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Shoulder instability can be defined as the symptomatic translation of the humeral head in relation to the glenoid fossa during active shoulder motion1. Although possible in all directions, instability is most commonly seen in the anteroinferior direction. Traumatic shoulder dislocations often result in labral and capsuloligamentous injuries, with recurrence leading to substantial osseous defects of the joint1. Following Bankart repair, patients with large osseous defects remain at risk for recurrence2.
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