Microscope and Fiberscope-assisted Subarachnoid-Subarachnoid (S-S) Bypass: A Novel Surgical Technique to Reestablish Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow in Treating Dorsal Spinal Arachnoid Webs, Diagnosed by Cine-MRI
A “dorsal spinal arachnoid web” is the thickened arachnoid band on the surface of the spinal cord which disturbs the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flow, known as a rare cause of thoracic myelopathy. The ideal treatment is controversial because of the risk of readhesion after simple resection of the web. A subarachnoid-subarachnoid bypass is a method to reestablish CSF flow through a silicon tube between the cranial and caudal subarachnoid space. This method is reported to be useful for traumatic syringomyelia, adhesive arachnoiditis, etc. We applied this technique for arachnoid webs with the assistance of a microscope and fiberscope. After a dura incision, the thickened arachnoid web can be seen fluttering within the CSF flow inside the arachnoid space, which partitions the subarachnoid space into cranial and caudal parts. After opening the subarachnoid space and resection of the web under a microscope, the fiberscope is inserted toward the cranial and caudal directions to check for the presence of another arachnoid web. If another web is found, it is penetrated using a guiding wire. Then, a silicone tube is inserted into the cranial and caudal normal subarachnoid space. In this paper, we would like to introduce this technique.