Comparative stability-indicating chromatographic methods for determination of 4-hexylresorcinol in pharmaceutical formulation and shrimps

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Abstract

Three chromatographic stability-indicating methods were developed for determination of 4-hexylresorcinol in pure form and in a pharmaceutical formulation. Method A was based on a gradient elution liquid chromatographic HPLC determination of 4-hexylresorcinol, its related impurities and in presence of its degradation products. UPLC–MS/MS (Method B) was described for determination of the cited drug in presence of its degradation products. Method C was a thin- layer chromatography (TLC)-densitometry method for the separation and determination of the active ingredient, one of its related impurities and in presence of its degradation products. The mechanism of alkali, oxidative and photodegradation of 4-hexylresorcinol was studied according to ICH guidelines. The degradation products were characterized by the LC–MS/MS method. Methods A and B were applicable for determination of 4-hexylresorcinol residues in shrimp meat. The studied drug was easily degraded in alkali medium giving toxic compounds. The results obtained by the proposed methods were statistically analyzed and compared with those obtained by applying a reported method.

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