Injury of optic radiation and visual field defect in a patient with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: A case report
Little is known about optic radiation (OR) injury following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In the current study, we report on a patient who showed a visual field defect and injury of the OR following aneurysmal SAH, using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT).Patient concerns:
At 4 weeks from onset, when a 62-year old female started rehabilitation, she complained of a visual field defect. Peripheral field defects were detected on both eyes using the Humphrey visual field test.Diagnoses:
The patient underwent aneurysm clipping for a ruptured aneurysm in the left posterior communicating artery and extraventricular drainage (the left prefrontal approach) for subarachnoid hemorrhage. She also underwent conservative management for intracerebral hemorrhage in the left internal capsule detected at 2 days after onset.Interventions:
DTT data were acquired at 4 weeks after onsetOutcomes:
Regarding DTT parameters, fiber numbers of both ORs of the patient were decreased over 2 standard deviations of that of 7 age- and sex-matched normal subjects normal control subjects. However, the value of fractional anisotropy was similar to that of normal control subjects. On the configuration of the OR of the patient, both ORs were thinner than those of normal control subjects.Lessons:
Injury of the OR was demonstrated in a patient with a visual field defect following aneurysmal SAH, using DTT.