Population Pharmacokinetics of Lenalidomide in Healthy Volunteers and Patients With Hematologic Malignancies
A population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model of lenalidomide was developed using data pooled from 13 clinical studies (dose range, 5–400 mg) in participants who were considered to have adequate capability for renal excretion of lenalidomide (creatinine clearance [CrCl] > 50 mL/min). The analysis population included 305 healthy volunteers and 83 patients with multiple myeloma or myelodysplastic syndromes. A 1-compartment model with linear absorption and elimination described well the observed data for both healthy volunteers and patients. Covariate analysis suggested lenalidomide apparent clearance was positively correlated with CrCl, and lenalidomide volume of distribution was positively correlated with body weight. Both pharmacokinetic parameters were reduced by 29% in patients, independent of the effect of CrCl or body weight. Despite their statistical significance, effects of study population and body weight are considered clinically unimportant in adult patients with CrCl > 50 mL. After accounting for the above effects, body weight had no significant effect on CL/F, whereas age, sex, race, and mild hepatic impairment had no significant effect on either lenalidomide parameter. The PopPK model should be useful for future modeling of lenalidomide pharmacokinetics in the pediatric population and for further comparison of pharmacokinetic properties among structurally similar immunomodulatory drugs.