Phenotype of Same-Day–Discharge Patients After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

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Overnight observation is the standard of care for uncomplicated elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, same-day discharge (SDD) is reportedly safe using predetermined criteria and patient risk categories. Characteristics of patients with SDD have not yet been described.


The purpose of this study was to describe the phenotype of patients appropriate for SDD after PCI without predetermined criteria and patient risk categories.


Analysis of PCI registry data was conducted on patients (n = 2174) who underwent elective and nonelective PCI between January 2012 and June 2014. Preliminary analysis included descriptive statistics, t tests, and χ2 tests. All variables were analyzed using random forest plot to determine importance of predictors of SDD followed by confirmatory logistic regression.


Random forest plot indicated 6 predictors of SDD. Confirmatory logistic regression using a model with all 6 predictors indicated that the model was able to distinguish between patients with SDD and overnight observation after PCI and was statistically significant (χ2(7.12, N = 2174) = 511.12, P < .005). Strongest predictors of SDD were stable angina (odds ratio, 5.93 [95% confidence interval, 1.316–26.712]; P = .020) followed by non-ST elevation myocardial infarction/high-risk unstable angina (odds ratio, 1.66 [95% confidence interval, 1.239–2.225]; P = .001). Readmission within 24 hours of SDD after PCI was low at 0.91%.


Age, access site, complexity, and number of lesions stented did not preclude SDD. A broader range of patients, particularly patients in higher risk categories (non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina), are candidates for SDD.

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