Nicotine pretreatment reduced cocaine-induced CPP and its reinstatement in a sex- and dose-related manner in adult C57BL/6J mice
Previous preclinical studies have shown that nicotine pretreatment during adolescence increases the reinforcing actions of cocaine. However, little is known about the effect of prior nicotine administration on cocaine-induced conditioned place preference (CPP) and its reinstatement in adult mice. Besides, little information is available regarding the role of sex in this cross-talk between nicotine and cocaine. Thus, we examined if nicotine administration during adulthood would differentially alter cocaine-induced CPP, its extinction and reinstatement in male versus female mice and if the dose of nicotine was important in this regard. To this end, mice were pretreated with saline or nicotine (0.25 or 1 mg/kg; twice daily for seven days) and then tested for place preference before and after single and repeated conditioning with cocaine (15 mg/kg). Mice were then exposed to extinction training and tested for reinstatement of CPP. Our results showed that male and female mice pretreated with saline and conditioned with cocaine each exhibited a robust CPP after a single cocaine conditioning. However, this response was blunted in mice pretreated with the lower but not higher dose of nicotine. Female mice pretreated with the lower dose nicotine also failed to show CPP after repeated conditioning. Reinstatement of cocaine-induced CPP was also blunted in these mice compared to their respective controls. Together, these results suggest that nicotine administration during adulthood exerts differential effects on cocaine-induced CPP and its reinstatement in male and female mice and the dose of nicotine is important in this regard.