Diagnosis and management of white-coat hypertension in children and adolescents: A Midwest Pediatric Nephrology Consortium study.
Although the definition of white-coat hypertension (WCH) in children and adolescents is clearly defined, little is known about how this condition is actually approached clinically. To better understand the contemporary approach to the diagnosis and management of WCH in pediatric patients, the authors surveyed the membership of the Midwest Pediatric Nephrology Consortium. Seventy-four faculty pediatric nephrologists responded to the survey. The survey results demonstrated uniformity in diagnosing WCH, including ambulatory blood pressure monitoring use in 93% of the respondents and a 75% adherence rate according to the 2014 American Heart Association scientific statement on pediatric ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. A total of 85% of respondents would not embark on further diagnostic evaluation once the WCH diagnosis was established, and none would initiate antihypertensive medications. There was a wide variety of practice habits in follow-up of WCH including frequency of office and out-of-office follow-up blood pressure measurements, the setting and timing of physician follow-up, and the role of repeat ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. The results of this survey highlight the need for prospective studies aimed at establishing the optimal approach to pediatric patients with WCH.