Diabetes Is Not Associated With Increased 90-Day Mortality Risk in Critically Ill Patients With Sepsis

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To determine the association of pre-existing diabetes, hyperglycemia, and hypoglycemia during the first 24 hours of ICU admissions with 90-day mortality in patients with sepsis admitted to the ICU.


We used mixed effects logistic regression to analyze the association of diabetes, hyperglycemia, and hypoglycemia with 90-day mortality (n = 128,222).


All ICUs in the Netherlands between January 2009 and 2014 that participated in the Dutch National Intensive Care Evaluation registry.


All unplanned ICU admissions in patients with sepsis.


The association between 90-day mortality and pre-existing diabetes, hyperglycemia, and hypoglycemia, corrected for other factors, was analyzed using a generalized linear mixed effect model.

Measurements and Main Results:

In a multivariable analysis, diabetes was not associated with increased 90-day mortality. In diabetes patients, only severe hypoglycemia in the absence of hyperglycemia was associated with increased 90-day mortality (odds ratio, 2.95; 95% CI, 1.19–7.32), whereas in patients without pre-existing diabetes, several combinations of abnormal glucose levels were associated with increased 90-day mortality.


In the current retrospective large database review, diabetes was not associated with adjusted 90-day mortality risk in critically ill patients admitted with sepsis.

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