Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome Combined With Adrenocortical Carcinoma on 18F-FDG PET/CT

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Abstract

Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) syndrome is a recognized distinct phenotypic variant of multiple cutaneous and uterine leiomyomatosis. The present case reports an extremely rare case of HLRCC syndrome combined with adrenocortical carcinoma. The case suggests that HLRCC should be considered in any young patient with bulky uterine leiomyomas and renal cell cancer, and 18F-FDG PET/CT can help detect unexpected additional primary malignancy in a patient with known cancer.

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