Treatment of Congenital Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia Purpura: A New Paradigm
Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura (cTTP) is a very rare disorder worldwide. Standard treatment of recognized cases has been to administer fresh frozen plasma as the source of ADAMTS13, to replenish the absent ADAMTS13 enzyme. An alternative source, a plasma-derived factor VIII concentrate used for hemophilia A, and found to contain this enzyme, was reported to be effective in 1 patient in the United States. We now report details on a US cohort of 8 cTTP patients who have been successfully treated for varying periods with a marketed antihemophilic factor concentrate Koate-DVI. This biological product has been used successfully on demand in varying doses to treat acute exacerbations, as well as prophylactically (3 to 6 U ADAMTS13 every 3 to 21 d). Self-infused at home, in lieu of fresh frozen plasma therapy in the hospital setting, this product has effectively prevented episodes of thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and the concomitant organ damage in these patients. This specific virus inactivated product can be used to prevent further manifestations of this congenital enzyme deficiency.