To evaluate the visual outcomes of cataract surgery in patients with uveitis, and to determine risk factors for the recurrence of uveitis and postoperative complications.
Eighty patients with uveitis who underwent phacoemulsification with intraocular lens (IOL) implantation were included in this retrospective study. We analyzed the following data: patient characteristics, medications used, visual acuity, and complications of cataract surgery.
The mean ± standard deviation time from cataract surgery to the last visit was 20.8 ± 10.4 months. Best-corrected visual acuity improved significantly after surgery (P < .001). The visual outcome was worse in patients with Behçet disease than in patients with other etiologies of uveitis. Gender (P = .018) and IOL type (P = .020) were significantly associated with recurrent uveitis after surgery. The incidence of recurrent inflammation was not significantly different between patients who did or did not receive systemic therapy (P = .43). Perioperative systemic therapies (P = .011) and recurrent uveitis within 3 months of surgery (P = .043) were associated with posterior capsular opacification. Perioperative systemic therapies (P = .026) and recurrent uveitis after surgery (P = .006) were also significantly associated with cystoid macular edema.
Patients with uveitis could benefit from cataract surgery. Patients with Behçet disease had worse postoperative prognosis than patients with other etiologies of uveitis. A heparin-surface-modified IOL may reduce the incidence of recurrent inflammation.