DPP4 Inhibitors Can Be a Drug of Choice for Type 3 Diabetes: A Mini Review

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Abstract

As well known to the scientific community, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an irreversible neurodegenerative disease that ends up with impairment of memory and cognition due to neuronal and synapse loss. Patient’s quality of life can be enhanced by targeting neurogenesis as a therapeutic paradigm. Moreover, several research evidences support the concept that AD is a type of metabolic disorder mediated by impairment in brain insulin responsiveness and energy metabolism. Growing evidence suggests that endogenous peptides such as glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and stromal-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) provide neuroprotection across a range of experimental models of AD. So, preserving functional activity of SDF-1α and GLP-1 by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibition will enhance the homing/recruitment of brain resident and nonresident circulating stem cells/progenitor cells, a noninvasive approach for promoting neurogenesis. So, herewith we provide this in support of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors as a new target of attention for treating AD.

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