Comparison Between the Cobra Perilaryngeal Airway and Laryngeal Mask Airways Under General Anesthesia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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Abstract

The complication rate and efficacy of the Cobra Perilaryngeal Airway (CobraPLA) and laryngeal mask airways (LMAs®) have been evaluated in the published literature, but the conclusions have been inconsistent. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was thus to assess the performance of the CobraPLA and LMAs under general anesthesia. We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials comparing the CobraPLA with LMAs under general anesthesia. The LMAs used for comparison were the classic LMA (CLMA) and the unique LMA (ULMA). The random effect model was used if heterogeneity was observed, otherwise the fixed effect model was used. Seventeen randomized controlled trials were included; number of studies analyzed for each result are different and were up to 10. The current result suggests that no significant difference between the devices in the insertion success rate at the first attempt. The success rate of first insertion of the CobraPLA was not different from the rates for the CLMA and the ULMA (relative risk: 0.95, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.91–1.00). CobraPLA insertion was not different from CLMA and ULMA insertion. The CobraPLA provided an oropharyngeal leak pressure higher than that provided by the CLMA (weight mean difference: 3.90, 95% CI, [1.59–6.21] cmH2O) and ULMA (weight mean difference: 6.57, 95% CI, [4.30–8.84] cmH2O). We also found a higher likelihood of blood staining in the airway with the CobraPLA than with the CLMA. In our research, the principal finding of our meta-analysis is that the success rate of first insertion of the CobraPLA was not different from the rate for each of the CLMA and the ULMA, which featured a short learning curve implying its ease of insertion. There was also no significant difference in the incidence of the best view (with a score of 4) obtained with the CobraPLA compared with the other 2 devices. The CobraPLA does seem to be superior to the CLMA and ULMA in providing a higher oropharyngeal leak pressure. The data were insufficient to establish differences in airway adverse events between the groups except for blood staining in the devices, although mucosal trauma occurred more frequently with the Cobra PLA device than with the CLMA and the ULMA.

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