Revascularization strategies and in-hospital management in acute coronary syndromes complicated by hemophilia A or hemophilia B
Among adult patients with hemophilia A and hemophilia B the emergent management of acute coronary syndromes (ACSs) is challenging, and exposure to antithrombotic agents and/or revascularization procedures may confer an enhanced risk of bleeding. We sought to identify clinical characteristics and in-hospital outcomes among ACS patients with hemophilia A/hemophilia B, compared with matched noncoagulopathic ACS controls. Case discharges from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (1998–2011) had International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision codes for hemophilia A/hemophilia B and ACS. Control discharges were matched to cases by year of discharge and hospital. Discharges in both groups were assessed for cardiovascular risk factors, type of ACS, use of coronary artery bypass grafting, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), bare-metal stent and/or drug-eluting stent, bleeding, and death. In total, 237 cases and 148 848 matched controls were identified. Among cases, HIV/Hepatitis C positivity was more common and obesity/hyperlipidemia less common. ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) occurred less frequently among hemophilia A cases than controls. hemophilia A and hemophilia B cases were more likely to be managed medically. Cases treated with coronary stent placement were more likely to receive a bare-metal stent than controls. Among PCI, bleeding was more common among hemophilia A cases. The death rates were comparable between groups. ACS–hemophilia A/hemophilia B cases were more often treated noninvasively compared with controls, suggesting an avoidance of PCI/coronary artery bypass grafting in this population, and bleeding (among hemophilia A) was more common. These findings support further study of the management of ACS and in-hospital outcomes among individuals with hemophilia.