Combined Selective Nerve Blockade and Local Infiltration Analgesia in a Total Shoulder Arthroplasty Patient With Chronic Pain and Severe Restrictive Lung Disease: A Case Report
Interscalene brachial plexus block is considered the most complete postoperative analgesia after total shoulder arthroplasty. Interscalene brachial plexus block–induced ipsilateral hemidiaphragmatic paralysis may not be tolerated in patients with preexisting pulmonary disease. Selective distal nerve blocks avoid the risk of phrenic nerve block; however, they may provide incomplete analgesia to the glenohumeral joint. We report a case of combined selective suprascapular and axillary nerve blockade in combination with local infiltration analgesia in a patient with severe lung disease undergoing total shoulder arthroplasty. This case highlights the local infiltration analgesia technique of the shoulder joint and current diaphragm-sparing regional anesthesia blocks.