Enhanced efficacy of anti-miR-191 delivery through stearylamine liposome formulation for the treatment of breast cancer cells
MicroRNAs are gaining rapid attention as promising targets for cancer treatment; however, efficient delivery of therapeutic miRNA or anti-miRNA into cancer cells remains a major challenge. Our previous work identified miR-191 as an oncogenic miRNA overexpressed in breast cancer that assists in progression of malignant transformation. Thus, inhibition of miR-191 using antisense miR-191 (anti-miR-191) has immense therapeutic potential. Here, we have developed a stearylamine (SA) based cationic liposome for delivery of miR-191 inhibitor (anti-miR-191), and studied its efficacy in breast cancer cells (MCF-7 and ZR-75–1) in culture. SA liposomes alone inhibited cancer cell growth with lesser IC50s (50% inhibitory concentration) values as compared to normal mouse fibroblast cells (L929). The efficient delivery of anti-miR-191 in SA liposome complex was found to be highly effective in killing the cancer cells than a comparable dose of SA free anti-miR-191 liposome complex. The formulation also showed negligible cytotoxicity in human erythrocytes. Combined treatment of SA liposome with anti-miR-191 markedly enhanced apoptotic cell death and suppressed the migration of cancer cells in vitro. Notably, anti-miR-191 loaded SA liposome complex increased chemosensitivity of breast cancer cells to currently used anti-cancer drugs (doxorubicin or cisplatin) in free form. Our work demonstrates that anti-miR-191 loaded in SA liposome complex has promising clinical application for breast cancer therapy.