Emergency Airway Response Team Simulation Training: A Nursing Perspective

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Abstract

Background:

Simulation-based education is an important tool in the training of professionals in the medical field, especially for low-frequency, high-risk events. An interprofessional simulation-based training program was developed to enhance Emergency Airway Response Team (EART) knowledge, team dynamics, and personnel confidence. This quality improvement study evaluated the EART simulation training results of nurse participants.

Method:

Twenty-four simulation-based classes of 4-hour sessions were conducted during a 12-week period. Sixty-three nurses from the emergency department (ED) and the intensive care units (ICUs) completed the simulation. Participants were evaluated before and after the simulation program with a knowledge-based test and a team dynamics and confidence questionnaire. Additional comparisons were made between ED and ICU nurses and between nurses with previous EART experience and those without previous EART experience.

Results:

Comparison of presimulation (presim) and postsimulation (postsim) results indicated a statistically significant gain in both team dynamics and confidence and Knowledge Test scores (P < .01). There were no differences in scores between ED and ICU groups in presim or postsim scores; nurses with previous EART experience demonstrated significantly higher presim scores than nurses without EART experience, but there were no differences between these nurse groups at postsim.

Conclusions:

This project supports the use of simulation training to increase nurses' knowledge, confidence, and team dynamics in an EART response. Importantly, nurses with no previous experience achieved outcome scores similar to nurses who had experience, suggesting that emergency airway simulation is an effective way to train both new and experienced nurses.

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