Tisp40 deficiency attenuates renal ischemia reperfusion injury induced apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells

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Renal ischemia reperfusion (IR) is a major cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) and no effective treatments have been established. Tisp40 is a transcription factor of the CREB/ATF family and involves in cell apoptosis, proliferation and differentiation, but its role in renal IR remains unknown. Here, we investigated the role of Tisp40 in renal IR injury. In vivo, Tisp40 knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice were subjected to thirty minutes of bilateral renal ischemia and 48 h reperfusion, the blood and kidneys were harvested for analysis. In vitro, Tisp40 overexpression and vector cells were subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (HR), the apoptosis rate and the expressions of related proteins were measured. Following IR, the expressions of Tisp40 protein, serum creatinine (sCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and apoptosis of tubular cells were significantly increased in WT mice. However, Tisp40 deficiency significantly attenuated the increase of sCr, BUN and apoptosis of tubular cells. Following HR, apoptosis of tubular cells was increased in Tisp40 overexpression cells compared with vector cells. Mechanistically, Tisp40 promoted the expressions of C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), Bax and Cleaved caspase3 and suppressed the expression of Bcl-2 in renal IR injury. In conclusion, Tisp40 aggravates tubular cells apoptosis in renal IR injury.

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