Efficacy and safety of rifaximin associated with standard triple therapy (omeprazole, clarithromycin and amoxicillin) for H. pylori eradication: A phase IV pilot clinical trial.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

A progressive decrease in Helicobacter pylori eradication rates has been described over the years, driving the need for new antibiotic treatments.

AIM

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the addition of rifaximin (Spiraxin®) to standard triple therapy (omeprazole, amoxicillin and clarithromycin) for the eradication of H. pylori.

METHODS

Independent prospective clinical trial (EUDRACT no.: 2013-001080-23). Forty consecutive adult patients were included with H. pylori infection, dyspeptic symptoms and naive to eradication treatment. A full blood test was performed in the first five patients enrolled to evaluate the safety of the treatment. H. pylori eradication was confirmed with the 13C-urea breath test at least four weeks after the end of treatment with rifaximin 400mg/8h, clarithromycin 500mg/12h, amoxicillin 1g/12h and omeprazole 20mg/12h for 10 days.

RESULTS

Forty patients were consecutively enrolled, 53% woman, mean age 44 years. Indication for eradication: 60% non-investigated dyspepsia, 38% functional dyspepsia and 2% gastric ulcer. Four patients did not attend the eradication confirmatory breath test. The eradication rate was 61% (95% CI: 45-77%) for the protocol and 55% (40-70%) for intention-to-treat. About 76% of the patients experienced adverse events (35% diarrhea, 14% nausea and 24% metallic taste), none of which was serious. The blood tests did not show significant alterations.

CONCLUSION

Acceptable H. pylori eradication rates are not achieved with rifaximin associated with standard triple therapy for 10 days.

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