Idiopathic Ventricular Arrhythmias Originating From the Parietal Band: Electrocardiographic and Electrophysiological Characteristics and Outcome of Catheter Ablation

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Abstract

Backgrounds—

The parietal band is one of the muscle bands in the right ventricle. This study investigated the electrocardiographic and electrophysiological characteristics and ablation outcome of idiopathic ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from the parietal band.

Methods and Results—

We studied 14 patients with idiopathic VA origins in the parietal band among 294 consecutive patients with VA origins in the right ventricle. The QRS morphologies of the parietal band VAs were characterized by a left bundle branch block and left inferior (n=12) or superior (n=2) axis pattern with the presence of a notch in the middle of the QRS in all cases, precordial transition at ≤lead V3 in 7 patients, and a slow QRS onset in 4 patients. During parietal band VAs, a far-field ventricular electrogram with an early activation was always recorded in the His bundle region, regardless of the location of the VA origins. During the catheter ablation, a mean number of 10.4±7.4 radiofrequency applications with a duration of 1099±1034 seconds were delivered. Catheter ablation was successful in 10 patients, and VAs recurred in 4 during a mean follow-up period of 41±24 months. A change in the QRS morphology was observed spontaneously in 4 patients, immediately after the ablation in 4, and at the time of a VA recurrence in 2.

Conclusions—

Idiopathic VAs rarely originated from the parietal band. The catheter ablation of the parietal band VAs was always challenging, requiring a large amount of the radiofrequency energy delivery for a successful ablation with a relatively high recurrence rate.

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