Climate changes and Hymenoptera venom allergy: are there some connections?

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Abstract

Purpose of review

This review aims to update the world status of the main allergenic stinging Hymenoptera.

Recent findings

In this review, we consider the problems that social Hymenoptera (bees, wasps and ants) could represent in the nearest future for human health in different parts of the world.

Summary

Distribution and consistency of allergenic species including venomous insects are interested by accelerated dynamics caused by climate changes and globalization. Owing to the expansion of ranges of native species and colonization of invasive ones, even in the uncertainty of present available models, new challenges presented by stinging Hymenoptera should be expected in the future.

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