Safe and effective administration of BCG for bladder carcinoma in situ after umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation.

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Although intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) instillation is the standard treatment for carcinoma in situ of the bladder, it is generally contraindicated in immunocompromised patients. Here we report the first case, to our knowledge, of BCG treatment for a bladder cancer patient who had received umbilical cord blood stem cell transplantation (UCBSCT). BCG can be given safely and effectively in select cases where reconstitution of the immune system has been achieved at least 2 years after UCBSCT.

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