Chronic D609 treatment interferes with cell cycle and targets the expression of Olig2 in Glioma Stem like Cells
Glioma Stem-like Cells (GSCs) isolated from patient derived tumors have high metabolic activity and survive in the absence of exogenous growth factors. We recently demonstrated that acute D609 (Tricyclodecan-9-yl-xanthogenate), a PC-PLC inhibitor with anti-oxidative property, can decrease the ATP content & GADD45β protein in GSCs cultured without growth factors, but not in the presence of growth factors. In this study we examined the effect of chronic D609 treatment on GSCs cultured in complete medium containing growth factors. Our results show that chronic exposure of GSCs to D609 decreased the ATP content and reduced the expression of GADD45β protein. Furthermore, cyclin D1 content and the phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein also diminished, resulting in the arrest of cells in G1 phase of cell cycle after D609 treatment. In addition, the expression of Olig2, a protein responsible for the progression of glioblastoma was reduced by D609. Together these results indicate that chronic D609 treatment can inhibit the growth of glioma cells by arresting cells in G1 phase of cell cycle and/or reducing Olig2 expression.