Effects of concurrent and aerobic exercises on postexercise hypotension in elderly hypertensive men

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Despite the fact that simultaneous performance of resistance and aerobic exercises (i.e., concurrent exercise) has become a standard exercise prescription for the elderly, no information is available on its effects on post-exercise hypotension (PEH) in elderly men with hypertension.


To compare the effects of different types of exercise on PEH in elderly men with hypertension.


Twenty elderly men with essential hypertension participated in three crossover interventions, in random order, and on separate days: a non-exercise control session at seated rest, aerobic exercise performed for 45 min, and 45 min of concurrent resistance and aerobic exercise consisted of 4 sets of 8 repetitions at 70% 1RM of resistance exercise followed by aerobic exercise on treadmill. After each session, blood pressure (BP) was measured continuously for 1 h in the laboratory and for 24 h under ambulatory conditions.


During the first hour in laboratory, diastolic BP was lower after aerobic (−5 mm Hg) and concurrent exercise (−6 mm Hg) in comparison with Control. Day-time diastolic BP was significantly lower after aerobic exercise (−7 mm Hg) when compared to the control. No significant differences were found among the three experimental sessions for night-time and 24-hour diastolic BP, as well as day-time, night-time and 24-hour systolic BP.


Concurrent exercise produced acute PEH similar to aerobic exercise but such effect did not last as long as aerobic exercise in elderly patients with essential hypertension.

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