Chiral separation of terbutaline and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by using a new lysine–bridged hemispherodextrin in capillary electrophoresis
A method for the separation of a mixture of terbutaline and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs was developed using capillary electrophoresis with a new hemispherodextrin, ad hoc designed, the lysine − bridged hemispherodextrin (THLYSH). The use of lysine residues to bridge the trehalose capping unit moiety to the cyclodextrin cavity gives rise to a receptor with two long chains with amine nitrogen atoms, whose charge can be easily tuned as a function of the solution pH. The new hemispherodextrin was accurately characterised by ESI–MS and NMR spectroscopy, also highlighting its protonation behaviour. Circular dichroism and ESR spectroscopy measurements were also carried out to test its inclusion ability towards anthraquinone-3-sulfonate and its metal coordination ability towards copper(II) ion, respectively. Analogously to the other hemispherodextrins, the main skill of this new derivative lies in its chiral selector properties, as shown by the separation of the enantiomeric pairs of terbutaline and ibuprofen, flurbiprofen, suprofen and tiaprofenic acid by capillary electrophoresis. The focused use of the solution equilibria involved in the separations made it possible to understand the phenomena occurring in solution, and to finely tune the charge status of the receptor. In this way the chiral separation of the racemic mixture was successfully obtained, even if the receptor was individually used, differently by the other hemispherodextrins previously studied whose chiral separation capabilities are present only if used as binary mixtures.