The association between P selectin glycoprotein ligand 1 gene variable number of tandem repeats polymorphism and risk of thrombosis in Behçet's disease

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Abstract

Objectives

Behçet's disease (BD) has been recognized as an unclassified type of vasculitis with an accompanying tendency to thrombosis. No disease-specific pathology has been demonstrated so far to explain the prothrombotic state, and this predisposition is considered to be associated with endothelial activation/dysfunction. P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1 (PSGL-1) variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) polymorphism has an impact on the protein length, and heterozygosity affect of the PSGL-1 to P-selectin interaction, which has been found to be associated with an increased risk of thrombosis in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome. We aimed to analyze the association of PSGL-1 gene polymorphism, in a group of BD patients with and without thrombosis.

Methods

The study group consisted of 136 BD patients (112 male, 24 female) with thrombosis, 120 BD patients without thrombosis (54 male, 66 female) during at least 5 years disease course, and 190 healthy controls (103 male, 87 female) All patients fulfilled the International Study Group criteria for classification of BD. Genotyping for the PSGL-1 gene exon 2 VNTR polymorphism was carried out with the amplification of genomic DNA and running of the polymerase chain reaction product on agarose gel electrophoresis.

Results

The frequency of heterozygous genotypes (AB+AC+BC) was greater in BD patients with thrombosis compared to BD patients without thrombosis (33.1% vs. 20.8%, P = 0.028, odds ratio = 1.85). However, the increased frequency of heterozygous genotypes in BD patients with thrombosis did not reach a statistically significant level compared to healthy controls (33.1% vs. 32.6%).

Conclusions

PSGL-1 VNTR polymorphism may have limited contribution to the thrombotic tendency in patients with BD.

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