Not Extent of Telecommuting, But Job Characteristics as Proximal Predictors of Work-Related Well-Being

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Abstract

Objectives:

This study aimed to investigate the curvilinear relationship between extent of telecommuting and work-related well-being (ie, burnout, work engagement, and cognitive stress complaints), as well as to test whether job characteristics act as explanatory mechanisms underlying this relationship.

Methods:

A sample of 878 employees from an international telecommunication company with a long history of telecommuting participated in a survey on psychosocial risk factors and well-being at work. Mediation path analyses were conducted to test the hypotheses.

Results:

Social support from colleagues, participation in decision-making, task autonomy, and work-to-family conflict, but not extent of telecommuting, were directly related to work-related well-being. Extent of telecommuting was indirectly related to well-being via social support.

Conclusion:

Employers should invest in creating good work environments in general, among both telecommuters and nontelecommuters.

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