Phospholipid based self-nanoemulsifying self-nanosuspension (p-SNESNS) as a dual solubilization approach for development of formulation with diminished food effect: Fast/fed in vivo pharmacokinetics study in human

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Abstract

The novel self- nanoemulsifying self-nanosuspension (SNESNS) combines the advantages of two efficient solubilization technologies; the nanoemulsion and the nanosuspension. The aim of this study is to test the efficiency of phospholipid based self-nanoemulsifying self-nanosuspension (p-SNESNS) formulation as a powerful tool to diminish the food effect on bioavailability of lurasidone hydrochloride as BCS Class II model drug. Phospholipid was incorporated into SNESNS to increase the solubilization power of the in-situ formed nanoemulsion and facilitate the dispersion of the in-situ formed nanosized drug particles. P-SNESNS was evaluated for particle size, Polydispersity index, in vitro dissolution and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The drug amount dissolved after water dilution of LSD p-SNESNS was ˜2 folds that dissolved after dilution of non-phospholipid SNESNS. The self-nanosuspension obtained by aqueous dilution of p-SNESNS kept the cubic morphology of LSD macroparticles. The high in vitro dissolution of LSD in the non-sink dissolution media (water and Phosphate buffer pH 6.8) indicated that the p-SNESNS formulation had successfully increased the drug solubility irrespective of pH of the medium. The pharmacokinetics parameters of LSD p-SNESNS in humans were the same in both the fasted and fed states and were similar to those of LSD capsules in the fed state. Our results propose that p-SNESNS could be promising to increase patient compliance and drug efficiency of BCS class II antipsychotics by diminishing the food effect on their oral absorption and preventing the necessity to administer them with food.

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