Reverse Distally Based Abductor Hallucis Muscle Flap for Soft Tissue Coverage of the First Metatarsophalangeal Joint Wounds

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Abstract

Loss of soft tissue coverage distally around the foot poses threats of amputation of the exposed boney structures. An amputation of a portion of the foot leads to loss of the biomechanical structural integrity of the foot. This promulgates an imbalance with its inherent risks of developing new ulcers. This in turn potentiates the limb loss cycle. The reverse abductor hallucis muscle flap is ideally suited for small to moderate-sized defects in the vicinity of the first metatarsophalangeal joint based on its arc of rotation. In this article, we present cases of 5 patients who failed local wound care and healing by secondary intention for at least 6 months duration. The patients were treated successfully using reverse abductor hallucis muscle flap.

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