Autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation of mantle cell lymphoma: emerging trends

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Abstract

Purpose of review

The management of mantle cell lymphoma has changed significantly with the adoption of immunochemotherapy and dose intensive treatment strategies in specific patient populations. Randomized controlled trials have established the role of rituximab-based treatments and autologous stem cell transplantation as standards of care. Novel therapeutics are also being integrated into these treatment strategies.

Recent findings

Rituximab-based primary treatment has been shown to significantly improve complete remission rates. The addition of autologous stem cell transplantation has also improved progression-free survival (PFS) although data regarding potential overall survival (OS) benefits are not clear. Complete remission and minimal residual disease (MRD) negative disease states are predictive of outcome. Rituximab maintenance post SCT has also been shown to significantly improves PFS and OS.

Summary

Current therapeutic standards in mantle cell lymphoma have clearly improved patient outcomes with improvements in remission rates, PFS, and OS. Autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) as a consolidation strategy of primary treatment has improved outcomes, and the incorporation of novel drugs into frontline therapy may further improve the efficacy of the treatment. MRD-driven strategies may ultimately define appropriate patient subsets towards ASCT or alternative approaches.

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