Shewanella spp. are the common spoilage organisms found in aquatic food products stored at low temperature and their spoilage mechanism has been reported to be mediated by quorum sensing (QS). However, the specifically expressed proteins responding to N-acyl homoserine-lactone (AHLs) were seldom reported. This study aims to evaluate the effects of different AHL signal molecules on Shewanella putrefaciens Z4 isolated from refrigerated turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) at the proteome level. The results revealed that exogenous AHLs were utilized as QS signal molecules by S. putrefaciens Z4, and AHLs were not degraded by intracellular or extracellular enzymes secreted by S. putrefaciens Z4. Twenty-three differently expressed spots upon the addition of AHLs were selected and identified by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The results indicated that proteins involving in growth and metabolism (i.e. citrate synthase, succinate semialdehyde dehydrogenase), environment adaptation and regulators (i.e. polysaccharide deacetylases, transaldolase) were down-regulated upon three kinds of AHLs (C4-HSL, C6-HSL and O-C6-HSL), whereas the abundance of stress response protein and DNA ligase were elevated by the addition of exogenous AHLs. Moreover, the effects of exogenous C6-HSL and O-C6-HSLwere prominent. These results provide evidence that AHL-based QS signal molecules affected some important metabolic properties of S. putrefaciens.Significance and Impact of the Study
N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHLs)-based quorum sensing signal molecules involving in the behavior regulation in most of the Gram-negative bacteria have widely been reported. This study aims to evaluate the effect of AHLs on Shewanella putrefaciens Z4 at the proteome level. It provides the theoretic basis for elucidating the spoilage mechanism of Shewanella spp., the common spoilage micro-organism in refrigerated marine aquatic food products.