Choice of Fluids for Resuscitation of the Critically Ill: What Nurses Need to Know

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Abstract

Fluid administration is one of the most universal interventions in the intensive care unit; however, there remains a lack of optimal fluid choice in clinical practice. With increasing evidence suggesting that the choice and dose of fluid may influence patient outcomes, it is important to have an understanding of the differences between the various fluid products and these potential effects in order for nurses to navigate the critically ill patient. This article reviews properties, adverse effects, and monitoring of commonly used colloid and crystalloid fluids, providing information that may aid in fluid selection in the intensive care unit.

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