Review of Infectious Disease Prophylaxis in Solid Organ Transplantation

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Abstract

As immunosuppressive therapy has evolved over the years, rejection rates in solid organ transplant have declined, but infections remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. Prophylaxis against bacterial, viral, and fungal infections is often used to prevent infection from common pathogens during high-risk periods. As an integral part of the multidisciplinary medical team, it is important that nurses caring for transplant recipients be familiar with methods to detect and prevent infectious diseases in this population. This article presents a review of risk factors for and prevalence of common infectious pathogens, as well as important considerations regarding prophylactic medications in solid organ transplant recipients.

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