Protective effect of aspirin-triggered resolvin D1 on hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats: The role of miR-146b

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Abstract

Purpose

Inflammatory responses play an important role in the tissue injury during liver ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). We previously reported that resolvin D1 (RvD1) administrated prior to hepatic I/R attenuates liver injury through inhibition of inflammatory response. In this study, we investigated the effects of the aspirin-triggered resolvin D1 (AT-RvD1) on hepatic I/R and the role of miR-146b in this process.

Methods

Partial warm ischemia was performed in the left and middle hepatic lobes of Sprague-Dawley rats for 1 h, followed by 6 h of reperfusion. Rats received either AT-RvD1 (5 μg/kg), vehicle, or AT-RvD1 + miR-146b antagomir by intravenous injection 30 min before ischemia. Blood and tissue samples of the rats were collected after 6-h reperfusion.

Results

Pretreatment with AT-RvD1 significantly diminished I/R-induced elevations of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and significantly blunted the histological injury of the liver. Moreover, AT-RvD1 significantly inhibited inflammatory response, as indicated by attenuations of TNF-α and myeloperoxidase levels. Reduced apoptosis, and increased survival rate were observed in the AT-RvD1 group compared with the control I/R group. AT-RvD1 pretreatment increased miR-146b expression in the liver of the rats with hepatic I/R. Administration of miR-146b antagomir impaired the effects of AT-RvD1 on hepatic I/R injury in rats. Downregulation of miR-146b inhibited TRAF6 and NF-κB expression in liver.

Conclusions

Pre-administration of AT-RvD1 attenuates hepatic I/R injury partly through modulation of miR-146b.

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