The role of miR-214 in cardiovascular diseases
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death throughout the world. The increase in new patients every year leads to a demand for the identification of valid and novel prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are critical endogenous small noncoding RNAs that negatively modulate gene expression by regulating its translation. miRNAs are implicated in most physiological processes of the heart and in the pathological progression of cardiovascular diseases. miR-214 is a deregulated miRNA in many pathological conditions, and it contributes to the pathogenesis of multiple human disorders, including cancer and cardiovascular diseases. miR-214 has dual functions in different cardiac pathological circumstances. However, it is considered as a promising marker in the prognosis, diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. In this review, we discuss the role of miR-214 in various cardiac disease conditions, including ischaemic heart diseases, cardiac hypertrophy, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), angiogenesis following vascular injury and heart failure.