The bipedicled medial plantar flap: Vascular enhancement of a reverse flow Y–V medial plantar flap by the inclusion of a metatarsal artery perforator for the reconstruction of a forefoot defect—A case report

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Abstract

The pedicled medial plantar (MP) flap is an optimal solution for defects involving the weight-bearing areas of the foot. However, venous congestion is a frequently encountered complication, especially with the reverse-flow variants of the flap, and several strategies have been reported in literature both to prevent and to manage it. In this article, we present the use of a medial plantar flap based distally on the lateral plantar artery with the adjunct of an extra metatarsal perforator from the dorsalis pedis artery as a vascular enhancement to avoid the venous congestion and to improve the overall circulation. This bipedicled flap was successfully advanced to cover a 5 × 3 cm soft-tissue defect located at the level of the first and second metatarsal heads of the right foot resulting from the excision of a squamous cell carcinoma in an 80-year-old male patient with a history of cardiovascular disease. The postoperative course was uneventful. The patient was discharged 7 days after the operation and was able to walk after 6 weeks wearing normal shoes. We believe that preserving plantar metatarsal perforators during the harvesting of an MP flap based distally on the lateral plantar artery may be a precious adjunct as it increases blood supply, especially the venous drainage of the flap.

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