Low prevalence of colonization with multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria in long-term care facilities in Graz, Austria

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Abstract

Background:

Residents in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are increasingly found to be an important reservoir of multidrug-resistant gram-negative (MRGN) bacteria.

Aims:

We aimed to determine colonization by MRGN bacteria over 6 months in LTCFs and geriatric wards in Graz, Austria, and to evaluate risk factors for such colonization.

Methods:

During August 2015, we conducted a point-prevalence survey at LTCFs and geriatric wards of the Geriatric Health Centers of the City of Graz. Inguinal and perianal swabs were taken from 137 patients and screened for MRGN using standard procedures. Six months after the initial investigation all colonized patients were sampled again and use of antibiotics, hospital admissions, and mortality was registered. Genetic relatedness of MRGN bacteria was evaluated.

Results:

We detected 12 patients harboring MRGN isolates (prevalence, 8.7%). Overall inguinal colonization was 5.1%. After 6 months, only 2 out of 12 patients were still colonized. Presence of a urinary catheter was associated with a higher risk of MRGN colonization (odds ratio [OR], 17.5; 95% CI, 1.6-192). Chronic wounds and gastrostomy were also risk factors of MRGN colonization (OR, 10.7; 95% CI, 1.6-69.3 and OR, 18.3; 95% CI, 2.4-139.4, respectively). There was no difference in mortality between colonized and noncolonized patients.

Conclusions:

Prevalence of colonization with MRGN bacteria was low in patients in LTCFs and geriatric wards in Graz, Austria.

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