Comprehensive Care for Bariatric Surgery Patients
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, and those suffering from obesity have increased morbidity and mortality rates. There are various causes of obesity and many treatment options for patients suffering from obesity, including nonsurgical treatments. However, bariatric surgery is often the best choice for optimal weight loss and the attenuation of comorbidities. Currently, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is the most common type of bariatric surgery in the United States due to its technical simplicity, feasibility, and overall positive outcomes. This article discusses bariatric surgical criteria and selection, expected perioperative course, potential complications after surgery, and nursing implications for the care of bariatric patients. A case report is used to exemplify stages of surgical care and follow-up treatment for patients who undergo laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.