Clinical Effectiveness and Safety Outcomes of Endovascular Treatment for Acute Anterior Circulation Ischemic Stroke in China

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Abstract

Backgrounds and Purpose: This study was aimed at investigating the outcomes and predictors for the poor functional outcome after endovascular treatment (EVT) in a large, mostly Asian population. Methods: Between January 2014 and June 2016, acute stroke patients with anterior circulation occlusion and EVT were retrospectively enrolled from 21 stroke centers in China. The main outcomes were modified Rankin Scale (0-2 as functional independence, 3-6 as poor) at 90 days, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) at 72 h, and death at 90 days. Logistic regression was used to identify predictors for poor functional outcome at 90 days. Results: Of the 698 patients, 304 (43.6%) patients had functional independence at 90 days. The sICH rate was 15.5% (108/698) and mortality rate at 90 days was 25.4% (177/698). Age (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02-1.07), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score at admission (11-20 vs. ≤10, OR 2.38, 95% CI 1.23-4.59; ≥21 vs. ≤10, OR 3.66, 95% CI 1.72-7.80), baselineglucose level (OR 1.09, 95% CI 1.01-1.18), onset to groin puncture >6 h (OR 1.88, 95% CI 1.06-3.31), sICH (OR 15.49, 95% CI 5.16-46.43), and pneumonia (OR 3.15, 95% CI 1.86-5.32) were independent predictors of poor functional outcomes, while good recanalization (OR 0.26, 95% CI 0.13-0.54), preoperative Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score 8-10 (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.28-0.83), and good collateral flow (OR 0.50, 95% CI 0.32-0.79) were protective factors. Conclusions: This study provides evidence in real world to support the performance of EVT in acute anterior circulation stroke patients in Chinese population. Patients with small infarct core, successful recanalization, good collateral status, and short treatment delay without sICH or pneumonia may benefit from EVT.

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