Placental transmogrification of the lung: Case report and systematic review of the literature

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Abstract

Objective:

Placental transmogrification of the lung (PTL) is rare cystic lesion. Thus, we summarized the characteristics of PTL to explore the strategy of diagnosis and treatment.

Methods:

Two patients pathologically confirmed PTL were treated in our hospital. Retrospectively analysis was performed on such 2 cases and 34 cases of PTL reported in abroad. The basic information and clinical characteristics from each patient were gathered and analyzed.

Results:

The imaging findings of 2 patients were the pulmonary solid mass with peripheral multiple pulmonary bullae. After the improvement of preoperative examination and the multidisciplinary discussion of thoracic surgery, respiration, imaging, and anesthesia, the possibility of benign pulmonary lesions was improved in all cases. Thoracoscopic lobectomy was carried out under general anesthesia, and the intraoperative frozen pathology showed bullae of lung. Ultimately, PTL was confirmed by paraffin pathological diagnosis. Both 2 PTL patients had satisfied recovery without obvious complications or imaging abnormalities. In addition, the literature review of 34 PTL cases from PubMed database was summarized between 1995 and 2015. A total of 36 patients were retrospectively analyzed in our study. The age of 34 cases ranged from 24 to 72 years (an average age of 45.6 ± 13.5 years). Among these, 8 cases were no obvious symptoms. In addition, the other 25 cases had respiratory symptoms such as chest tightness, cough, and chest pain. Moreover, the mean size of pulmonary bulla was 6.5 ± 5.5 cm. The size of the solid lesions in 23 cases was 3.3 ± 3.4 cm (ranging from 0.5 to 15). The follow-up period was 2 to 96 months (average 27.3 ± 29.8 months).

Conclusion:

Early diagnosis and surgical operation of PTL should be performed as soon as possible. These lesions are best treated by minimally invasive surgery, so as to preserve more normal lung tissue and avoid the pneumonectomy.

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